postfix + mailing list – majordomo

Majordomo 為一Mailing-list Manager ,MLM,郵遞名單管理系統,
                   訂閱要求時,自動把該mail address加入名單
                   退訂要求時,自動於名單中刪除該mail address

[1.] adduser majordomo -u 45 -g 2 -c "Majordomo User"  -d /usr/local/majordomo -s /sbin/nologin

[2.] 下載 majordomo.xx.tar.gz

[3.] tar zxvf majordomo.xx.tar.gz
      cd majordomo-xx
 

      vi Makefile

PERL = /usr/bin/perl
W_HOME = /usr/local/majordomo

W_USER = 45
W_GROUP = 2

[4.] cp sample.cf majordomo.cf

$whereami = "test.xports.idv.tw";
$whoami = "Majordomo@$whereami";
$whoami_owner = "Majordomo-Owner@$whereami";
$homedir = "/usr/local/majordomo";
$listdir = "$homedir/lists";
$log = "$homedir/Log";

$sendmail_command = "/usr/sbin/sendmail";

[5.] make wrapper

[6.] make install

[7.] make install-wrapper

[8.] cd /usr/local/majordomo

[9.] 測式,注意顯示出來的訊息,看到Enjoy!時,就表示設定正確

         ./wrapper config-test

[10.] vi /usr/local/majordomo/bin/approve

while (<$FILE>) {
if (/^>?From / && ! defined($from_skipped)) {
# Skip any initial "From " or ">From " line
$from_skipped = 1;
next;
}
next if ( /^delivered-to:/i ); # added for postfix # 加入這行
s/^~/~~/;
print MAIL $_;
}

[11.] vi /usr/local/majordomo/aliases.majordomo

# majordomo manager
majordomo: "|/usr/local/majordomo/wrapper majordomo"
owner-majordomo: cross
majordomo-owner: cross

# astronomy mailing lists
astronomy: :include:/usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy
owner-astronomy: cross
astronomy-request: "|/usr/local/majordomo/wrapper request-answer astronomy"
owner-astronomy-request: cross
astronomy-approval: cross

   或者

# majordomo manager
majordomo: "/usr/local/majordomo/wrapper majordomo"
majordomo-owner: cross
owner-majordomo: cross

# astronomy mailing lists
astronomy: "|/usr/local/majordomo/wrapper resend -l astronomy -h ssorc.tw astronomy-outgoing"
owner-astronomy: cross
astronomy-outgoing: :include:/usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy
owner-astronomy-outgoing: cross
astronomy-request: cross              # ?
astronomy-approval: cross

[12.] vi /etc/postfix/main.cf

alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/usr/local/majordomo/aliases.majordomo
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/usr/local/majordomo/aliases.majordomo

[13.] postalias /usr/local/majordomo/aliases.majordomo

[14.] postfix reload

[15.] 用來儲存訂閱astronomy list的使用者的mail address
         touch /usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy
         chown majordown.daemon /usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy

[16.] 當訂閱成功時,使用者會收到這個"welcome to astronomy list"的內容
         touch /usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy.info
         echo "welcome to astronomy list" > /usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy.info
         chown majordown.daemon /usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy.info

[17.] 測式Majordomo是否正常,'lists'為Majordomo支援的指令
         成功時,會收到Majordomo有那些list

            echo 'lists' | mail majordomo@test.xports.idv.tw

[18.] 訂閱 list
         寄一封信給 majordomo@test.xports.idv.tw

         內容為

subscribe astronomy

      subscribe 為指令
      astronomy 為 list

[19.] 使用者會收到一封含有

auth 23ffe54b subscribe mailinglist cross2@test.xports.idv.tw

   此內肉的信件,把這段回覆給Majordomo
   注意,不要直接回覆Majordomo寄給你含有授權碼的信件,因為如果如此,會無效,所以,
   要直接寄內容為

auth 23ffe54b subscribe mailinglist cross2@test.xports.idv.tw 

   給Majordomo
 

   或者把

auth 23ffe54b subscribe mailinglist cross2@test.xports.idv.tw

   這段放在回覆信的最上頭
   這樣Majordomo才會先認得指令

[20.] 之後cross2@test.xports.idv.tw這個mail address,就會自動記錄在/usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy裡面

[21.] 所以只要寄信給astronomy@test.xports.idv.tw,就同等寄給在/usr/local/majordomo/lists/astronomy裡的mail address

[22.] 取消訂閱,寄給 mailto:寄給majordomo@test.xports.idv.tw,內容為

unsubscribe astronomy

[Q1.] fatal: open dictionary: expecting "type:name" form instead of "

[A1.] hash:/usr/local/majordomo/aliases.majordomo

         注意格式,不要忘了加 hash

最後修改日期: 2006 年 11 月 14 日

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